Are your cosmetic labels compliant with the requirements of the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA)? Strict guidelines are in place to protect consumers from products that are potentially unsafe or deceptively labeled.
The FDA regulates beauty and cosmetic products, however, it places much of the responsibility on the makers and manufacturers. To guide you through the regulations, we’ve taken a closer look at what you need to ensure your health and beauty product labels are compliant. Make sure to check all federal and state regulations before ordering your cosmetic labels.
What are considered cosmetics?
Cosmetics are defined by the Federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) as products intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body’s structure or functions. Cosmetics include products such as creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, nail polishes, makeup, shampoos, hair colors, toothpaste and any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic.
Under the law, soap products that are made up mainly of an alkali salt of fatty acid and don’t make any label claim other than the cleansing of the human body are not considered cosmetics under the law.
Principal Display Panel (PDP)
This is the label that is examined under normal conditions for retail sale. The information shown here should include:
Product identity – What is your product, i.e. soap, lotion, scrub
Net contents – Weight or volume of product
Ingredients – What your product is made of
Warning labels – Such as “for external use only”
Additional information not on the PDP label should also be included somewhere on the packaging.
Directions for safe use
Name and place of business
Any other required information
According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), all the information above must appear on the label of the outer container. This is usually a box, carton or wrapper that holds an inner or immediate container. The immediate container that holds the product is considered the outer container if there isn’t a box or carton.
For specific detail on labeling requirements under US laws and related regulations, read the Cosmetics Labeling Guide from the FDA.
Product Labeling Symbols
So how do you fit all this information on your cosmetic labels? Use the symbols below to communicate more information to your consumers on a smaller label or container.
The Period After Opening (PAO) symbol is the open jar icon. This icon indicates how many months the product will be good after it’s opened. This is typically on products with a shelf life of 30 months or more.
Best before date
For products with a lifespan of fewer than 30 months, an hourglass icon and a “best before end of,” or BBE date are displayed.
The lowercase “e” is known as the estimated sign, or e-mark. It is required by the EU and basically indicates that the quantity of the product in a batch of packages is the same as what’s stated on the label.
Refer to insert
When there’s required information such as ingredients and instructions to provide (and sometimes in multiple languages) there may not be enough room to do so. So this symbol lets consumers know there’s a leaflet, card or other inserts to refer to inside the packaging.
Responsibility for packaging
The Green Dot trademark indicates the manufacturer financially contributes to a recycling organization to manage its packaging waste in an ecologically responsible manner. It is not a recycling symbol.
Responsible forest management
The Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) trademark indicates the paper the company uses come from responsible sources. The use of the logo requires authorization and license code from the FSC.
The Organic seal indicates the product has met strict production and labeling requirements of the USDA, and the final product is certified. Selling a product as organic when it is not can cost a company up to $11K for each violation.
US Public Health Service seal
Products bearing the U.S. Public Health Service seal must contain 70% organic ingredients. Also they must follow strict guidelines for manufacturing and processing.
PETA runs the well-known Beauty Without Bunnies certification program, however, the Leaping Bunny is another internationally recognized certification that upholds a stricter program and mandatory audits.
Body care standards
Whole Foods developed strict baseline body care standards in quality sourcing and environmental impact in order for products to earn the Premium Body Care logo. They’ve also identified more than 400 ingredients deemed unacceptable.
Full label disclosure
The Environmental Working Group, or EWG, established the EWG VERIFIED mark to indicate the product meets the strictest standards when it comes to harmful chemicals.
To earn the Non-GMO Project Verified seal, products must complete third-party verification for their product labeling and certifications to ensure products have been thoroughly evaluated by an independent party for compliance.
The Gluten-Free Certification Organization (GFCO) leads a strict gluten-free certification program. They inspect products and manufacturing facilities fr the presence of gluten. Products bearing the gluten-free symbol must be certified by a third party to earn certification.
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